Major beef breeds
Figure. A typical Bos Taurus bull
Bos Taurus breeds originated in Europe and are all humbles.
Characteristics of some of the main Bos Taurus breeds are:
Angus. Origin: Scotland.
Features are a black coat (recessive red gene also), polled. Suited to vealer, steer and bullock production or maternal/rotational place in crossbreeding.
Hereford. Origin: England.
Features are redcoat with white face and underline, and horned. Suited to vealer, steer and bullock production or maternal/rotation place in crossbreeding.
Simmental. Origin: Western Europe (Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France etc)
Features are red coat with broken white markings and white face; horned and polled strains. Suited to vealer, steer and bullock production maternal/rotational/terminal place in crossbreeding.
Charolais. Origin: France.
Features are white or cream coat; polled and horned strains. Suited to bullock production or as a terminal sire in crossbreeding programs.
Limousin. Origin: France.
Light brown in colour and horned. Breed is heavily muscled and known for high meat yield with a minimum of fat. Smaller than other European breeds and earlier in maturity, but later maturing than British breeds. Suitable for crossbreeding programs.